By the way, Go Seigen (born in China) is still alive. He is in his late 90s. Here he is young:
Apparently, after the war, Go Seigen joined some sort of religious organization/cult and as a result had to leave Japan's national Go organization. He was unable to participate in the national championships for a while. Not to worry: he played in many games against the strongest Go players; the encounters were sponsored by the newspapers and Go journals that published the records of the games.
Just another evidence that you don't need government to sponsor art and intellectual pursuits such as board games or science.